List of countries by ecological footprint

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World map of countries by ecological footprint (data of 2016).

This page is a list of countries by ecological footprint. This table is based on 2012 data from the Global Footprint Network National Footprint Accounts published in 2016. Data is given in global hectares per capita. The world-average ecological footprint in 2012 was 2.84 global hectares per person (22.1 billion in total).

With a world-average biocapacity of 1.73 global hectares per person (9.2 billion in total), this leads to an ecological deficit of 1.1 global hectares per person (7.8 billion in total). If a country does not have enough ecological resources within its own territory, then there is a local ecological deficit and it is called an ecological debtor country. Otherwise, it has an ecological reserve and it is called an ecological creditor country.

The latest data are available openly and freely on Global Footprint Network’s Explorer, an open data platform located at http://data.footprintnetwork.org. The latest edition released in April 2017 covers 1962 to 2013.

Countries[edit]

Note that this list does not include all countries; it contains 188 of the 195 world countries.

RankCountryEcological Footprint (gha/person)Biocapacity (gha/person)Biocapacity deficit or reserve (gha/person)Population (millions of people)Total Biocapacity (gMha)
1 Luxembourg15.821.68-14.140.52-7.35
2 Aruba11.880.57-11.310.1-1.13
3 Qatar10.81.24-9.562.05-19.60
4 Australia9.3116.577.2623.05167.34
5 United States8.223.76-4.46317.5-1416.05
6 Canada8.1716.017.8334.84272.80
7 Kuwait8.130.55-7.583.25-24.64
8 Singapore7.970.05-7.925.3-41.98
9 United Kingdom7.930.56-7.3765.648-483.83
10 Trinidad and Tobago7.921.56-6.361.34-8.52
11 Montserrat7.781.36-6.420.005-0.03
12 Oman7.521.92-5.63.31-18.54
13 Bahrain7.490.58-6.911.32-9.12
14 Belgium7.441.19-6.2511.06-69.13
15 Sweden7.2510.623.389.5132.14
16 Estonia6.8610.533.671.294.73
17 Bahamas6.849.552.710.371.00
18 Latvia6.299.553.262.066.72
19 Israel6.220.35-5.877.64-44.85
20 Mongolia6.0815.669.582.826.82
21 Austria6.063.07-38.46-25.38
22 Finland5.8713.447.575.4140.95
23 Lithuania5.835.67-0.173.03-0.52
24 Slovenia5.812.35-3.472.07-7.18
25  Switzerland5.791.3-4.488-35.84
26 Bermuda5.770.13-5.640.06-0.34
27 South Korea5.690.68-5.0149-245.49
28 Russia5.696.791.1143.17157.49
29 Cayman Islands5.650.32-5.330.06-0.32
30 Saudi Arabia5.610.5-5.1228.29-144.84
31 New Zealand5.610.144.544.4620.25
32 Ireland5.573.73-1.834.58-8.38
33 Kazakhstan5.553.41-2.1416.27-34.82
34 Denmark5.514.78-0.735.6-4.09
35 Turkmenistan5.472.79-2.685.17-13.86
36 Antigua and Barbuda5.380.94-4.440.09-0.40
37 Germany5.32.27-3.0282.8-250.06
38 Netherlands5.281.17-4.1116.71-68.68
39 Czech Republic5.192.46-2.7310.66-29.10
40 France5.143.11-2.0463.98-130.52
41 Belarus5.093.64-1.459.4-13.63
42 Japan5.020.72-4.3127.25-547.18
43 Norway4.988.183.194.9915.92
44 Saint Kitts and Nevis4.940.62-4.310.05-0.22
45 United Arab Emirates4.941.32-3.626.30-22.82
46 Bhutan4.845.270.430.740.32
47 French Polynesia4.731.37-3.360.27-0.91
48 Italy4.611.08-3.5360.92-215.05
49 Barbados4.480.19-4.290.28-1.20
50 Poland4.442.08-2.3638.21-90.18
51 Greece4.381.61-2.7711.12-30.80
52 Chile4.363.63-0.7317.46-12.75
53 Suriname4.2589.3385.080.5445.94
54 Cyprus4.210.34-3.871.13-4.37
55 Paraguay4.1610.526.366.6942.55
56 Brunei4.062.87-1.190.41-0.49
57 Slovakia4.062.71-1.355.45-7.36
58 Equatorial Guinea3.974.40.440.740.33
59 Croatia3.922.8-1.124.31-4.83
60 Portugal3.881.51-2.3710.6-25.12
61 Lebanon3.840.33-3.514.65-16.32
62 Botswana3.833.47-0.352-0.70
63 Montenegro3.783.24-0.540.62-0.33
64 Malaysia3.712.41-1.329.24-38.01
65 Libya3.690.7-36.16-18.48
66 Spain3.671.25-2.4246.76-113.16
67 Réunion3.650.18-3.470.86-2.98
68 New Caledonia3.587.674.090.251.02
69 Venezuela3.572.78-0.7929.96-23.67
70 Mauritius3.460.71-2.751.24-3.41
71 China3.380.94-2.441408.04-3435.62
72 Turkey3.331.52-1.8174-133.94
73 Bulgaria3.322.86-0.467.28-3.35
74 South Africa3.311.15-2.1652.39-113.16
75 Macedonia3.261.51-1.752.11-3.69
76 Guadeloupe3.230.45-2.770.46-1.27
77 Argentina3.146.923.7841.09155.32
78 Bosnia and Herzegovina3.121.63-1.493.83-5.71
79 Brazil3.119.085.97198.661186.00
80 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines3.111.26-1.850.11-0.20
81 Guyana3.0766.5863.510.850.81
82 Grenada2.981.96-1.010.1-0.10
83 Bolivia2.9616.7313.7710.5144.59
84 Nauru2.940.19-2.760.01-0.03
85 Hungary2.922.17-0.759.98-7.49
86 Uruguay2.9110.327.413.425.19
87 Fiji2.92.37-0.520.88-0.46
88 Mexico2.891.27-1.62120.85-195.78
89 British Virgin Islands2.862.05-0.810.03-0.02
90 Costa Rica2.841.53-1.314.8-6.29
91 Ukraine2.842.27-0.5845.53-26.41
92 Iran2.790.9-1.8976.42-144.43
93 Panama2.792.940.153.80.57
94 Samoa2.771.93-0.850.19-0.16
95 Romania2.712.32-0.3921.76-8.49
96 Serbia2.71.25-1.449.55-13.75
97 Tonga2.71.48-1.220.1-0.12
98 Thailand2.661.24-1.4266.78-94.83
99 Dominica2.571.03-1.540.07-0.11
100 Mauritania2.544.481.933.87.33
101 Cape Verde2.520.62-1.90.49-0.93
102 Namibia2.486.884.42.269.94
103 Saint Lucia2.450.34-2.10.18-0.38
104 French Guiana2.34111.35109.010.2426.16
105 Tunisia2.340.93-1.410.88-15.23
106 Uzbekistan2.320.92-1.428.54-39.96
107 Azerbaijan2.310.85-1.469.31-13.59
108 Peru2.283.971.6929.9950.68
109 Armenia2.230.89-1.352.97-4.01
110 Albania2.211.18-1.033.16-3.25
111 Djibouti2.190.77-1.420.86-1.22
112 Ecuador2.172.20.0315.490.46
113 Egypt2.150.56-1.5980.72-128.34
114 Algeria2.120.59-1.5338.48-58.87
115 Jordan2.10.21-1.897.01-13.25
116 Martinique2.080.39-1.70.4-0.68
117 El Salvador2.070.61-1.466.3-9.20
118 Wallis and Futuna2.071.51-0.560.01-0.01
119 Gabon2.0226.3124.291.6339.59
120 Swaziland2.010.88-1.141.23-1.40
121 Ghana1.971.35-0.6225.37-15.73
122 Cuba1.950.76-1.1911.27-13.41
123 Kyrgyzstan1.911.3-0.615.47-3.34
124 Papua New Guinea1.913.922.017.1714.41
125 Guatemala1.890.99-0.915.08-13.57
126 Jamaica1.890.43-1.462.77-4.04
127 Iraq1.880.29-1.5932.78-52.12
128 Colombia1.873.61.7247.782.04
129 Moldova1.780.8-0.983.51-3.44
130 Honduras1.681.770.097.940.71
131 Morocco1.680.71-0.9632.52-31.22
132 Lesotho1.660.78-0.872.05-1.78
133 Vietnam1.651-0.6590.8-59.02
134 Georgia1.581.17-0.414.36-1.79
135 Indonesia1.581.26-0.32246.86-79.00
136 Niger1.561.24-0.3217.16-5.49
137 Dominican Republic1.530.56-0.9710.28-9.97
138 Guinea-Bissau1.533.031.491.662.47
139 Mali1.531.580.0514.850.74
140 Syria1.510.6-0.9121.89-19.92
141 Sao Tome and Principe1.490.87-0.610.19-0.12
142 Chad1.462.030.5712.457.10
143 Myanmar1.431.840.4152.821.65
144 Benin1.410.88-0.5310.05-5.33
145 Guinea1.412.090.6811.457.79
146 Nicaragua1.392.250.875.995.21
147 Zimbabwe1.370.62-0.7513.72-10.29
148 Sri Lanka1.320.44-0.8821.1-18.57
149 Tanzania1.321.08-0.2447.78-11.47
150 Congo1.2910.919.634.3441.97
151 Solomon Islands1.294.363.080.551.69
152 Côte d’Ivoire1.271.780.5119.8410.12
153 Central African Republic1.247.876.624.5329.99
154 Sierra Leone1.241.2405.980.00
155 Somalia1.241.270.0310.20.31
156 Uganda1.240.59-0.6636.35-23.99
157 Laos1.221.620.46.652.66
158 Burkina Faso1.210.98-0.2216.46-3.62
159 Cambodia1.211.09-0.1114.86-1.63
160 Liberia1.212.571.354.195.66
161 Senegal1.211.05-0.1613.73-2.20
162 Cameroon1.171.690.5221.711.28
163 North Korea1.170.6-0.5724.76-14.11
164 India1.160.45-0.711236.69-878.05
165 Nigeria1.160.7-0.47168.83-79.35
166 Togo1.130.53-0.66.64-3.98
167 Philippines1.10.54-0.5696.71-54.16
168 Comoros1.030.32-0.70.72-0.50
169 Gambia1.030.82-0.211.79-0.38
170 Kenya1.030.51-0.5243.18-22.45
171 Yemen1.030.5-0.5323.85-12.64
172 Ethiopia1.020.58-0.4491.73-40.36
173 Madagascar0.992.631.6422.2936.56
174 Zambia0.992.231.2414.0817.46
175   Nepal0.980.59-0.3827.47-10.44
176 Angola0.932.551.6120.8235.52
177 Tajikistan0.910.53-0.388.01-3.04
178 Mozambique0.872.061.1925.229.99
179 Rwanda0.870.54-0.3211.46-3.67
180 Congo, Democratic Republic of the0.823.072.2565.7147.83
181 Malawi0.810.66-0.1515.91-2.39
182 Burundi0.80.32-0.489.85-4.73
183 Afghanistan0.790.5-0.329.82-8.95
184 Pakistan0.790.35-0.44179.16-78.83
185 Bangladesh0.720.38-0.35154.7-54.15
186 Haiti0.610.27-0.3410.17-3.46
187 Timor-Leste0.481.781.31.111.44
188 Eritrea0.491.30.886.135.39

See also[edit]