The Government of Ontario is scientifically illiterate.
The long-established methods in science since Copernicus (1473-1543), Galileo (1564-1642) and Newton (1643-1727) have been observation of natural phenomena and experiments designed to test a hypothesis. There has been a third method for about 50 years: the use of computers to understand phenomena. In fact, computer modelling is the only way to understand complex systems.
Public health authorities have been using computer modelling during the COVID pandemic. Here is a graph for Ontario from the Globe and Mail, 2021 April 24.
In Ontario, which is now in the midst of the worst wave of the pandemic so far, a rapid increase in variant cases was accurately foreseen in epidemiological modelling well in advance. This modelling was delivered in February (the dotted vertical line). The solid line surrounded by a pink band on either side provides the results of the reports and the modelling. The pink band shows the precision of the measurements and the calculations (the same way that opinion polls provide an estimate of precision). The solid points are history. The open circles are what the model calculated In February.
The Government of Ontario lifted its restrictions (the solid vertical line) in early March as the number of infections dropped below 1,000 a day. It ignored the modelling that it received and was obliged to reapply severe restrictions much later; too late for the welfare of the citizens of Ontario. Global heating is another complex subject in which computer modelling of energy systems is able provide equally valid insights not available in any other way.
The Government of Canada is also scientifically illiterate: it has not used appropriate computer modelling to understand what is happening and develop effective policy and programs in a timely manner. It has used only conventional economic tools which on their own are not fit for purpose.