I was sixteen years old when the First World War broke out, and I lived at that time in Hungary. From reading the newspapers in Hungary, it would have appeared that, whatever Austria and Germany did was right and whatever England, France, Russia, or America did was wrong. A good case could be made out for this general thesis, in almost every single instance. It would have been difficult for me to prove, in any single instance, that the newspapers were wrong, but somehow, it seemed to me unlikely that the two nations located in the centre of Europe should be invariably right, and that all the other nations should be invariably wrong. History, I reasoned, would hardly operate in such a peculiar fashion, and it didn’t take long until I began to hold views which were diametrically opposed to those held by the majority of my schoolmates. … Even in times of war, you can see current events in their historical perspective, provided that your passion for the truth prevails over your bias in favour of your own nation.
Leo Szilard, (1898-1964) was a Hungarian-German-American physicist and inventor. He conceived the nuclear chain reaction in 1933, (the neutron was discovered in 1932 by James Chadwick), patented in 1934 the idea of a nuclear reactor with Enrico Fermi and in late 1939 wrote the letter for Albert Einstein’s signature that resulted in the Manhattan Project that built the atomic bomb.